What triggers migraines?
Very little is known about the causes of migraines. They are thought to be related to changes in blood flow to the brain. They are also believed to be genetic.
Researchers have found certain triggers can sometimes lead to migraines. For those who suffer from regular attacks, it might be helpful to know of the triggers and avoid them as a precaution.
Common migraine triggers include:
Alcohol consumption (red wine in particular)
Exhaustion or tiredness
Heavy exercise (especially when you’re not used to exercising)
Excessive caffeine intake
Stress, anxiety, or depression
Hormonal changes (migraines are more common for women right before a period)
Changes to sleep patterns
Overstimulation from loud noises, lights, or smells
Certain foods, such as chocolate
If you experience a migraine, it’s a good idea to note down what you were doing or eating shortly before it struck.
Everyone is different, but if you can pinpoint some of the triggers behind your own migraines, you may be able to minimise the number of attacks or potentially avoid them altogether.